approximately 375 remains were found in mass graves in Iraq.
In March 2003, Kuwait became the springboard for the US-led invasion of Iraq.
The government organizes various arts festivals, including the Al Qurain Cultural Festival and Formative Arts Festival.
Sadu House is among Kuwait's most important cultural institutions.
In 1716, the Bani Utub settled in Kuwait, which at this time was inhabited by a few fishermen and primarily functioned as a fishing village.
The Sheikhdom of Kuwait became a British protectorate in 1899 (until 1961) after the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899 was signed between Sheikh Mubarak Al Sabah and the British government in India due to severe threats to Kuwait's independence from the Ottoman Empire.
Kuwait was a regional hub of science and technology in the 1960s and 1970s up until the early 1980s; the scientific research sector significantly suffered due to the terror attacks.
In 1990, Kuwait was invaded, and later annexed, by Saddam’s Iraq.
Theatre in Kuwait is subsidized by the government, previously by the Ministry of Social Affairs and now by the National Council for Culture, Arts, and Letters (NCCAL).
Other notable Kuwaiti artists include Sami Mohammad, Thuraya Al-Baqsami and Suzan Bushnaq.
On 26 February 1991, the coalition succeeded in driving out the Iraqi forces.
As they retreated, Iraqi forces carried out a scorched earth policy by setting oil wells on fire.